Immigrants and their children are growing shares of Texas’s population and electorate.
The foreign-born share of Texas’s population rose from 9.0% in 1990, to 13.9% in 2000, to 16.4% in 2010, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. Texas was home to 4,142,031 immigrants in 2010, which is more than the total population of Los Angeles, California.
- 32% of immigrants (or 1,325,501 people) in Texas were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2010—meaning that they are eligible to vote.
- 11.8% (or 1,194,544) of registered voters in Texas were “New Americans”—naturalized citizens or the U.S.-born children of immigrants who were raised during the current era of immigration from Latin America and Asia which began in 1965—according to an analysis of 2008 Census Bureau data by Rob Paral & Associates.
More than 1 in 4 Texans are Latino or Asian—and they vote.
- The Latino share of Texas’s population grew from 25.5% in 1990, to 32.0% in 2000, to 37.7% (or 9,521,932 people) in 2010. The Asian share of the population grew from 1.8% in 1990, to 2.7% in 2000, to 3.8% (or 959,770 people) in 2010, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
- Latinos accounted for 20.1% (or 1,697,000) of Texas voters in the 2008 elections, and Asians 1.4% (118,000), according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
- In Texas, 87.7% of children with immigrant parents were U.S. citizens in 2009, according to data from the Urban Institute.
- In 2009, 86.2% of children in Asian families in Texas were U.S. citizens, as were 93.2% of children in Latino families.
Latino and Asian entrepreneurs and consumers add tens of billions of dollars and hundreds of thousands of jobs to Texas’s economy.
- The 2010 purchasing power of Latinos in Texas totaled $176.3 billion—an increase of 437.9% since 1990.Asian buying power totaled $34.4 billion—an increase of 653.9% since 1990, according to the Selig Center for Economic Growth at the University of Georgia.
- Texas’s 447,589 Latino-owned businesses had sales and receipts of $61.9 billion and employed 395,673 people in 2007, the last year for which data is available. The state’s 114,297 Asian-owned businesses had sales and receipts of $40.2 billion and employed 206,545 people in 2007, according to the U.S. Census Bureau’s Survey of Business Owners.
Immigrants are integral to Texas’s economy as workers and taxpayers.
- Immigrants comprised 20.9% of the state’s workforce in 2010 (or 2,603,604 workers), according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
- Immigrants accounted for 21% of total economic output in the Houston metropolitan area and 16% of economic output in the Dallas metropolitan area as of 2007, according to a study by the Fiscal Policy Institute.
- Unauthorized immigrants in Texas paid $1.6 billion in state and local taxes in 2010, according to data from the Institute for Taxation and Economic Policy, which includes:
- $177.8 million in property taxes.
- $1.4 billion in sales taxes.
- Unauthorized immigrants comprised 9% of the state’s workforce (or 1,100,000 workers) in 2010, according to a report by the Pew Hispanic Center.
- If all unauthorized immigrants were removed from Texas, the state would lose $69.3 billion in economic activity, $30.8 billion in gross state product, and approximately 403,174 jobs, even accounting for adequate market adjustment time, according to a report by the Perryman Group.
Immigrants are integral to Texas’s economy as students.
- Texas’s 58,934 foreign students contributed $1.3 billion to the state’s economy in tuition, fees, and living expenses for the 2009-2010 academic year, according to NAFSA: Association of International Educators.
Naturalized citizens excel educationally.
In Texas, 28.7% of foreign-born persons who were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2009 had a bachelor’s or higher degree, compared to 14.1% of noncitizens. At the same time, only 30.4% of naturalized citizens lacked a high-school diploma, compared to 55.8% of noncitizens.
- The number of immigrants in Texas with a college degree increased by 72.1% between 2000 and 2009, according to data from the Migration Policy Institute.
- In Texas, 75.2% of children with immigrant parents were considered “English proficient” as of 2009, to data from the Urban Institute.
- The English proficiency rate among Asian children in Texas was 85.7%, while for Latino children it was 80.7%, as of 2009.